Sub-Structure Construction of Building | Nuvo Nirmaan

What is Substructure?

The part of your home which is below the ground level is called Substructure. It mainly consists of foundation for your home, columns and walls below the ground level. Nowadays, multi-storey structures have basement parking and these basements are also included in the Substructure.


The main function of the Substructure is to support and anchor the superstructure safely into the Earth. Its function shows that it is the critical link in the distribution of building loads and as it is below the ground it is hidden from the view. It must be designed to accommodate both the form and layout of the superstructure. So, though the Substructure is hidden beneath the ground it needs special attention in designing.

Sub-stages of Substructure

Substructure stage is made up of various sub-stages like:

Levelling & P.C.C.  for foundation
Levelling & P.C.C. for foundation
R.C.C. for  foundation
R.C.C. for foundation
R.C.C. columns  up to plinth level
R.C.C. columns up to plinth level
Backfilling of  excavated earth
Backfilling of excavated earth

Perfect time to Start

Substructure should be preferably completed before the rainy season to:

Avoid Accumulation of Rainwater

Avoid accumulation of rainwater in the excavated areas

Proper Time for Natural Compaction in Substructure

Give proper time for natural compaction of backfilled earth

Time required to complete the Substructure:


Approx. 21 days for a 750 sq. ft. home and approx.. 30 days for a 1000 sq. ft. home

Excavation, Levelling & PCC in Substructure

Excavation, levelling & P.C.C. should not take more than 5 days

Curing in Substructure

Curing in footing should be carried out for 7 days



Substructure should be preferably completed before the rainy season to:

Storage of Materials in Substructure

Storage of different materials like excavated earth, cement, sand, aggregates and reinforcement in limited available space

Preparing Concrete in Substructure

Preparing small quantities of concrete

Solutions by Nuvo Nirmaan

Nuvo Nirmaan has various products that can be used while building the Substructure. You can select any product as per your requirement.


Concreto cement is versatile and premium slag cement that is well-suited for all types of low, medium and heavy-duty construction applications and gives a better finish to the exterior and interiors of a building. Concreto can be used for varied applications like roofing, foundations, beams, columns, plastering and brickwork. It is specially formulated to provide a denser concrete mix than normal cement. Concreto can also be used for giving better finishing to the exterior and interiors of a building. It comes with 5 star advantage of – Super Strength, Best Freshness, Superior Finish, Lightest Color, Assured Quality.


Duraguard Microfiber is the only cement available in the market, built with the benefit of Microfiber. It is the most advanced cement, enhanced with Microfiber Technology for extra binding power. Acting as micro reinforcing agents, the Microfiber help the cement to resist seepage, dampness, shrinkage, and thermal cracks for years to come. Major advantages of using this cement are – Surfaces with fewer cracks, Strong structures, Reduced water seepage, and Low maintenance structures.


You can use Double Bull Master Cement – a premium Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) that is produced from the best quality clinker along with fly ash and gypsum. It is engineered with our signature ‘Ummeed Se Zyada’ strength and optimum setting to provide superior Performance, Durability, Setting and Strength.

Note: You can mix Zero M Water Shield with any of the above cement products in given proportions, if you want your R.C.C. elements to have water repellent properties.



  • InstaMix is a ready-to-use concrete available in 35 kg bags
  • The contractor has to just shake the bag, open it and pour the concrete at the desired location
  • Use of InstaMix will eliminate procurement and storage of different raw materials
  • InstaMix bags can be ordered even for small concrete volumes

Zero M Water Shield

  • It is an integral waterproofing compound mixed with cement at the time of concreting
  • It helps in waterproofing of R.C.C. elements which will be buried inside the ground and subjected to moisture at all times.

Zero M Cover Blocks

  • Cover blocks are made of concrete whose strength is more than the strength of structural members like columns, beams & slabs
  • As the blocks are made of concrete, they ensure better bonding with poured concrete

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